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Get Set for Rápido Lower Intermediate 2

In Rápido Lower Intermediate 1, we had a look at the pretérito indefinido – one of the more difficult tenses in Spanish.

In Rápido Lower Intermediate 2 we continue to practice this tense, but also return briefly to the present tense to learn the nifty little structure ESTAR + gerundio (estoy estudiando, estoy leyendo) to talk about what we're doing right now. This is the Spanish equivalent of the present continuous (–ing) in English.

This structure comes in handy in Lower Intermediate 5 when we combine it with the pretérito imperfecto to talk about interrupted actions in the past.

Where am I up to?

Lower Intermediate 2 is the second of 5 Lower Intermediate levels.

Together, the Lower Intermediate levels form the A2 level of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). Click here for more information about the CEFR.

And click here for an overview and detailed explanation of all our levels.

Before starting Rápido Lower Intermediate 2, study up on:

The present tense

Ahh the joys of the present. So straightforward (except for all the irregular verbs).

If you're at all unsure of any of the forms, now is a great time to skill up – the more secure you feel in your knowledge of the present, the easier it will be to venture into other tenses.

The Spanish Verb System – an El Patio resource
Regular verbs in the present tense – an El Patio resource
Irregular verbs in the present tense – an El Patio resource
Verb Wheel for Spanish irregular verbs – very useful (and fun!)
Spaleon verb conjugation trainer – for the present tense and beyond
StudySpanish.com – IR a + infinitive
Trent University – TENER + que (exercises)

The first of the past tenses: the pretérito perfecto

In terms of its structure, this is one of the more friendly tenses. 

Learn its two components by heart – the forms of the auxiliary verb HABER and the past participles.  

Now is a good time to notice that the pretérito perfecto (he ido) and the pretérito indefinido (fui) express a similar kind of time.

Even though the forms are completely different, both refer to events that are completed in the past, the kind of events we can put in a list and that are usually sequential.

This will make more sense when we learn another tense – the pretérito imperfecto – which behaves a bit differently.

StudySpanish.com – the pretérito perfecto
StudySpanish.com – the past participle
StudySpanish.com – the past participle (quiz)

The second past tense: el pretérito indefinido

The pretérito indefinido is also known as the 'simple past' but there's nothing simple about it. Of all the tenses this has the most irregular forms.

At this stage, make it your ambition to get the regular forms totally sorted.

If you've got the most common regular verbs happening then the irregular ones will be easier to add to the mix down the track.

StudySpanish.com – the pretérito indefinido (part 1)
StudySpanish.com – the pretérito indefinido (part 2)
Trent University – the pretérito indefinido (exercises)

Direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns, reflexive pronouns

Learning to distinguish the direct object pronouns (me / te / lo / la / nos / os / los / las) from the indirect object pronouns (me / te / le /nos / os / les) and the reflexive pronouns (me / te / se / nos / os / se) is one of the many challenges of learning Spanish, and mastering them is a long-term project!

There will be many opportunities to have a go at using these in class, and if you can commit these little words to memory at home that will help you significantly.

Have a look at Get Set for Lower Intermediate 1 for more information about reflexive verbs and GUSTAR and similar verbs.

In Rápido Lower Intermediate 2, you get the opporuntity to revise the verbs GUSTAR and ENCANTAR in class.

Trent University – The direct object pronoun (exercises)
StudySpanish.com – Verbs like GUSTAR
StudySpanish.com – Reflexive verbs (quiz)

Happy studying!

We hope you enjoy your course.

If we can help with anything please get in touch.


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