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Get set for Elementary 4 (Aula 1 Plus)

In Elementary 4 (Aula 1 Plus), we learn the first of the past tenses the pretérito perfecto. This is a major breakthrough. Now, finally, we can start to talk about the past.

This level also consolidates the present tense and what's been learnt in the Elementray levels in general, in preparation for the Lower Intermediate levels that follow.

Where am I up to?

Elementary 4 is the last of 4 Elementary levels.

Together, the Elementary levels form the A1 level of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). Click here for more information about the CEFR.

And click here for an overview and detailed explanation of all our levels.

Before starting Elementary 4 (Aula 1 Plus), study up on:

The present tense verb patterns

Regular verbs are the bread and butter of the Spanish language – or the bread and olive oil, or the arepas and cheese. Whatever the flavour, with regular verbs under your belt, you're prepared for adventure.

Now is the perfect time to learn the regular endings for the 3 types of verb: –AR / –ER / –IR

The Spanish Verb System – an El Patio resource
How to conjugate a verb – an El Patio resource
Regular verbs in the present tense – an El Patio resource – regular verbs​
Spaleon verb conjugation trainer – the present tense 

Reflexive verbs

One of the very first verbs we learn in Spanish (LLAMARSE) is reflexive.

Reflexive verbs are particularly useful between 7 and 9am – me despierto, me levanto, me ducho.

Jokes aside, regular verbs are very handy, and are actually quite straightforward.

Take a moment now to revisit these and get familiar with the way they work. Memorise the reflexive pronouns and the common reflexive verbs. – Reflexive verbs
Lingolía – Reflexive verbs (exercises)
Trent University – Reflexive verbs (exercises) 

The verb GUSTAR and other similar verbs

A lot of the confusion around this verb comes from an inaccurate translation – GUSTAR is more 'to please' than 'to like'.

GUSTAR uses the indirect object pronouns (me te le nos / osles). And many other verbs do too, including QUEDAR and PARECER.

These verbs have a curious logic to them, initially they might seem confusing but stick with it, at some point (if not already) you’ll have your A-HA! moment. – Verbs like GUSTAR – The verb GUSTAR (excercises)
Trent University – Indirect object pronoun (exercises)

Direct object pronouns

Not to be confused with their cousins the indirect object pronouns (see the verb GUSTAR above) the direct object pronouns (me / te / lo / la / nos / os / los / las) are neat little words that replace the direct object.

Have you got the keys?  (¿Tienes las llaves?)
Yes, I’ve got them (Sí, las tengo)

At this stage, if you can learn both the indirect object pronouns and the direct object pronouns and be aware of the fact that they function differently, that's a major achievement. Very soon (Lower Intermediate 1) you’ll have the chance to use them together.

Links – Direct object pronouns – Direct object pronouns (quiz)
Trent University – The direct object pronoun (exercises)

Irregular verbs in the present tense

The more accomplished you are in your knowledge of regular verbs (see above) the more irregular verbs will stand out as being different. Important irregular verbs we’ve seen so far include:


Pay particular attention to ESTAR, IR and TENER as these become building blocks for making other little structures (like estoy escribiendo, voy a hablar, tengo que comer) in future levels.

Also watch out for another irregular verb, the verb HABER, which we use when making el pretérito perfecto – the first of the past tenses. We learn this tense in Elementary 4.

Verb Wheel for Spanish irregular verbs – very useful (and fun!)
Irregular verbs in the present tense – an El Patio resource – Stem-changing verbs: e>ie – Stem-changing verbs: o>ue – Stem-changing verbs: e>i

Happy studying!

We hope you enjoy your course.

If we can help with anything please get in touch.

Find a Class

Class Starting Location Price
Mondays 6-7.30pm FACE-TO-FACE In 2 weeks (18/07/2022) Northcote (Westgarth) $393.00 $373.00 or 4 payments of $93.25
Tuesdays 7.15-8.45pm ONLINE In 2 weeks (19/07/2022) Online Centre $393.00 $373.00 or 4 payments of $93.25
Thursdays 6-7.30pm FACE-TO-FACE In 2 weeks (21/07/2022) Melbourne (CBD) $393.00 $373.00 or 4 payments of $93.25

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